How to Play Dual N-Back: A Step-by-Step Guide

Last Updated on November 20, 2023 1:51 PM by Anayatullah

Dual n-back is a brain training game that challenges your working memory and attention. It can improve your cognitive abilities and intelligence. Here is a brief article on how to play dual n-back with some images to help you understand.

What is dual n-back?

Dual n-back is a game where you have to remember two types of stimuli: a visual one and an auditory one. The visual stimulus is a square that appears in one of eight positions on a grid. The auditory stimulus is a letter that is spoken out loud. You have to keep track of both the position of the square and the sound of the letter as they change over time.

How to play dual n-back?

The game has different levels of difficulty, depending on how far back you have to remember the stimuli. For example, in 1-back, you have to compare the current stimuli with the ones that appeared one step before. In 2-back, you have to compare the current stimuli with the ones that appeared two steps before. And so on.

The game will show you a series of steps, where each step consists of a square and a letter. Your task is to press a button when the position of the square or the sound of the letter matches the one that appeared n steps ago. For example, if you are playing 2-back, and you see this sequence:


You should press the position button at step 3, because the square is in the same position as in step 1. You should also press the sound button at step 5, because the letter is the same as in step 3. You should not press any button at steps 2 and 4, because neither the position nor the sound matches the ones from two steps before.

Why play dual n-back?

Dual n-back is a challenging game that exercises your working memory and attention. Working memory is the ability to hold and manipulate information in your mind for a short period of time. Attention is the ability to focus on relevant information and ignore distractions. Both of these skills are important for many cognitive tasks, such as learning, problem-solving, and creativity.

Studies have shown that playing dual n-back can improve your working memory and attention, and even increase your IQ. It can also enhance your brain function and structure, such as increasing the connectivity and density of your neurons. Playing dual n-back can also have positive effects on your mood, motivation, and self-esteem.

How to get started with dual n-back?

If you want to try dual n-back, you can download a free software called Brain Workshop, which is based on the original research. You can also find many online and mobile versions of the game, such as Dual N-Back Pro. You can start with 1-back or 2-back, and gradually increase the level as you get better. You can also adjust the speed, duration, and feedback of the game to suit your preferences.

The key to playing dual n-back is to practice regularly and consistently. It is recommended to play at least 20 minutes a day, three to five times a week, for several weeks or months. You may find the game frustrating or boring at first, but don’t give up. You will soon notice improvements in your performance and your cognitive abilities. Playing dual n-back can be a fun and rewarding way to train your brain and boost your intelligence.